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South Africa

General information
Long nameRepublic of South Africa
Population (people)51,770,560 (2011)
Population (source)census
Constitutional form
Drives on
Head of state authority
Main continent
Number of airports567
Airports - with paved runways145
Airports - with unpaved runways422
Area (m²)1,219,912
Birth rate (births/1,000 population)19
Calling code
Children under the age of 5 years underweight (%)
Current Account Balance (US$)-13,340,000,256
Death rate (deaths/1,000 population)17
Debt - external (Billion US$)46
Economic aid donor (Billion $)
Electricity consumption (billion kWh)212
Electricity consumption per capita (kWh per person)4,347
Electricity exports (million kWh)14,050
Electricity imports (million kWh)1,757
Electricity production (billion kWh)238
Exports (Billion $)105
GDP - per capita (PPP) (US$)11,100
GDP (purchasing power parity) (Billion $)562
GDP real growth rate (%)3
Gross national income (US$)63
Human Development Index1
Health expenditures (% of GDP)9
HIV AIDS adult prevalence rate (%)18
HIV AIDS deaths310,000
HIV AIDS people living with HIV AIDS5,600,000
Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)3
Capital city
Imports (Billion $)103
Industrial production growth rate (%)3
Infant mortality rate (deaths/1,000 live births)43
Inflation rate consumer prices (%)5
Internet hosts4,835,000
Internet tld.za
Internet users4,420,000
Investment (gross fixed) (%)18
Iso 3166 codeZA
Labor force17,660,000
Life expectancy at birth (years)49
Literacy (%)86
Manpower available for military service13,439,781
Manpower fit for military service7,617,063
Manpower reaching militarily age annually482,122
Is democracyYes
Market value of publicly traded shares (US$)855,700,013,056
Maternal mortality rate (deaths/100,000 live births)300
Merchant marine2
Military expenditures percent of GDP2
Natural gas consumption (cubic meters)5,400,000,000
Natural gas consumption per capita (cubic meters per person)111
Natural gas exports (cubic meters)0
Natural gas imports (cubic meters)3,500,000,000
Natural gas production (cubic meters)1,900,000,000
Natural gas proved reserves (cubic meters)27,160,000
Net migration rate (migrant/1,000 population)-6
Obesity adult prevalence rate (%)
Oil consumption (bbl/day)553,000
Oil consumption per capita (bbl/day per 1000 people)11
Oil exports (bbl/day)54,930
Oil imports (bbl/day)521,400
Oil production (bbl/day)192,100
Oil proved reserves (bbl)15,000,000
Physicians density (physicians/1,000 population)1
Population below poverty line (%)50
Population census (people)51,770,560 (2011)
Population density (Number of people per square kilometer)40
Population estimate (people)54,002,000 (2014)
Population growth rate (%)0
Public debt (% of GDP)34
Railways (km)20,192
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold (US$)48,869,998,592
Roadways (km)362,099
Stock of direct foreign investment abroad (US$)89,959,997,440
Stock of direct foreign investment at home (US$)159,000,002,560
Telephones main lines in use4,225,000
Telephones main lines in use per capita9
Telephones mobile cellular50,372,000
Telephones mobile cellular per capita103
Total fertility rate (children born/woman)2
Unemployment rate (%)25
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 (%)48
Waterways (km)
ValleyGamkaskloof, Namib
ArtilleryG5 howitzer
CraterVredefort crater
BorderBotswana–South Africa border, Eswatini–South Africa border, Lesotho–South Africa border, Mozambique–South Africa border, Namibia–South Africa border, South Africa–Zimbabwe border
Demonymsouth african
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people - nationality2,100 Relations