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universities

From lat. universitas, -atis "universality, totality", "collectivity", "guild, corporation", in lat. Mediev "institution of higher education".

Universities are institutions of higher education that comprise diverse faculties, and that confer the corresponding academic degrees.

Depending on the time and country, you can include schools, institutes, departments, research centers, professional schools.

The university is called Alma Mater, because it is in its nature to generate knowledge and transform the human being through the knowledge it generates.

Universities have their origin in Western Europe during the Middle Ages, times when they were closely related to religion. The first universities were cathedral or monastic schools emerged between the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. However, similar institutions already existed many centuries before. An example is the University of Constantinople (340 AD) or the Madrasa of Fatima Al-Fihri, founded in 859.

The first university in Europe is considered to be that of Bologna (1088), followed by Oxford (1096), Paris (1150) and Modena (1175).

The universities were elitist centers until the twentieth century, a century in which university studies were normalized reaching up to 30% of the population in some countries, thanks mainly to the total gratuity of the university in some countries or the Show all -
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