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General information
Long nameRepublic of Peru
Population (people)28,220,764 (2007)
Population (source)census
Constitutional form
Drives on
Head of state authority
Main continent
Number of airports191
Airports - with paved runways58
Airports - with unpaved runways133
Area (m²)1,285,216
Birth rate (births/1,000 population)19
Calling code
Children under the age of 5 years underweight (%)5
Current Account Balance (US$)-2,267,000,064
Death rate (deaths/1,000 population)6
Debt - external (Billion US$)37
Economic aid donor (Billion $)
Electricity consumption (billion kWh)34
Electricity consumption per capita (kWh per person)1,159
Electricity exports (million kWh)0
Electricity imports (million kWh)6
Electricity production (billion kWh)39
Exports (Billion $)46
GDP - per capita (PPP) (US$)10,200
GDP (purchasing power parity) (Billion $)306
GDP real growth rate (%)7
Gross national income (US$)45
Human Development Index1
Health expenditures (% of GDP)5
HIV AIDS adult prevalence rate (%)0
HIV AIDS deaths5,000
HIV AIDS people living with HIV AIDS75,000
Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)2
Capital city
Imports (Billion $)37
Industrial production growth rate (%)5
Infant mortality rate (deaths/1,000 live births)22
Inflation rate consumer prices (%)3
Internet hosts232,515
Internet tld.pe
Internet users9,158,000
Investment (gross fixed) (%)26
Iso 3166 codePE
Labor force15,900,000
Life expectancy at birth (years)73
Literacy (%)93
Manpower available for military service7,385,588
Manpower fit for military service5,788,629
Manpower reaching militarily age annually304,094
Is democracyYes
Market value of publicly traded shares (US$)121,600,000,000
Maternal mortality rate (deaths/100,000 live births)67
Merchant marine6
Military expenditures percent of GDP2
Natural gas consumption (cubic meters)3,649,999,872
Natural gas consumption per capita (cubic meters per person)124
Natural gas exports (cubic meters)3,590,000,128
Natural gas imports (cubic meters)0
Natural gas production (cubic meters)31,119,998,976
Natural gas proved reserves (cubic meters)345,499,992,064
Net migration rate (migrant/1,000 population)-3
Obesity adult prevalence rate (%)16
Oil consumption (bbl/day)189,000
Oil consumption per capita (bbl/day per 1000 people)6
Oil exports (bbl/day)73,280
Oil imports (bbl/day)88,080
Oil production (bbl/day)152,700
Oil proved reserves (bbl)532,700,000
Physicians density (physicians/1,000 population)1
Population below poverty line (%)31
Population census (people)28,220,764 (2007)
Population density (Number of people per square kilometer)23
Population estimate (people)31,151,644 (2015)
Population growth rate (%)1
Public debt (% of GDP)20
Railways (km)1,906
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold (US$)48,930,000,896
Roadways (km)137,327
Stock of direct foreign investment abroad (US$)2,204,999,936
Stock of direct foreign investment at home (US$)51,569,999,872
Telephones main lines in use3,160,000
Telephones main lines in use per capita11
Telephones mobile cellular29,115,000
Telephones mobile cellular per capita99
Total fertility rate (children born/woman)2
Unemployment rate (%)8
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 (%)14
Waterways (km)8,808
ValleyCallejón de Huaylas, Casma River, Pongo de Mainique, Utcubamba (river)
ReligionCatholic Church
BorderBrazil–Peru border, Frontera entre Bolivia y Perú, Frontera entre Chile y Perú, Frontera entre Colombia y Perú, Frontera entre Ecuador y Perú
MarshHumedal Lucre – Huacarpay
conflicts - Country76 Relations
military vehicles - Country1 Relations
schools - Country21 Relations
drinks - Country3 Relations
military constructions - Country2 Relations
televisions - Country51 Relations
waters - country of origin1 Relations
temples - Country80 Relations
brands - Country2 Relations
ports - Country8 Relations
prepared foods - country of origin36 Relations
companies - country Headquarters51 Relations
companies - country of origin1 Relations
trains - Country1 Relations
recurring events editions - Country48 Relations
hospitals - Country14 Relations
theatres - Country10 Relations
castles - Country1 Relations
magazines - Country17 Relations
magazines - country Headquarters2 Relations
radios - Country36 Relations
radios - country Headquarters39 Relations
trade unions - Country3 Relations
trade unions - country Headquarters3 Relations
malls - Country11 Relations
organizations - country Headquarters71 Relations
cheeses - country of origin1 Relations
libraries - Country3 Relations
heritage sites - Country3 Relations
military units - Country20 Relations
military units - country Headquarters1 Relations
mines - Country1 Relations
ships career - Country33 Relations
stadiums - Country91 Relations
public bodies - country Headquarters156 Relations
canals - Country3 Relations
labels - Country2 Relations
labels - country Headquarters2 Relations
recurring events - Country21 Relations
hotels - country17 Relations
anthems - Country2 Relations
distilleries - Country1 Relations
cities - Country2,387 Relations
banks - Central bank of1 Relations
banks - country Headquarters7 Relations
sports - country of origin1 Relations
wine regions - Country1 Relations
militant organizations - Country2 Relations
airlines - Country18 Relations
airlines - country Headquarters25 Relations
monuments - Country5 Relations
currencies - Country4 Relations
national militaries - country Headquarters1 Relations
treaties - Country6 Relations
museums - Country56 Relations
cemeteries - Country1 Relations
universities - Country130 Relations
tunnels - Country4 Relations
weapons - Country5 Relations
ethnic groups - country of origin30 Relations
Orchestras - Country2 Relations
Orchestras - country Headquarters1 Relations
spirits - country of origin2 Relations
stations - Country29 Relations
publishers - Country2 Relations
publishers - country Headquarters1 Relations
buildings - Country58 Relations
monasteries - Country1 Relations
stocks exchanges - Country1 Relations
stocks exchanges - country Headquarters1 Relations
soft drinks - country of origin14 Relations
newspapers - Country18 Relations
newspapers - country Headquarters10 Relations
sport organizations - Country6 Relations
sport organizations - country Headquarters18 Relations
bridges - Country12 Relations
airports - country44 Relations
airports - country location27 Relations
streets - country2 Relations
airplanes - Country3 Relations
observatories - Country2 Relations
teams - Country36 Relations
former countries - Country6 Relations
deities - Country1 Relations
networks - Country5 Relations
networks - country Headquarters4 Relations
political parties - Country73 Relations
political parties - country Headquarters73 Relations
archipelagos - Country20 Relations
bays - Country32 Relations
borders - Country5 Relations
capes - Country25 Relations
languages - Country1 Relations
religions - Country1 Relations
craters - Country1 Relations
deserts - Country2 Relations
administrative divisions - Country25 Relations
forests - Country9 Relations
former countries - Country4 Relations
glaciers - Country8 Relations
islands - Country44 Relations
lakes - Country530 Relations
marshes - Country1 Relations
mountains - Country2,891 Relations
mountain ranges - Country67 Relations
peninsulas - Country2 Relations
protected Areas - Country206 Relations
rivers - Country164 Relations
roads - Country7 Relations
ships classes - Country5 Relations
valleys - Country4 Relations
waterfalls - Country14 Relations
beaches - Country593 Relations
heritage designations - Country1 Relations
restaurants - Country7,179 Relations
brands - place2 Relations
companies - place35 Relations
earthquakes - place48 Relations
fires - place1 Relations
floods - place2 Relations
militant organizations - place7 Relations
organizations - place14 Relations
beers - place of origin3 Relations
weapons - place of origin4 Relations
flags - place1 Relations
religions - place1 Relations
roads - place46 Relations
televisions - place85 Relations
legislatures - jurisdiction2 Relations
referendums - place1 Relations
dams - entity1 Relations
magazines - entity1 Relations
missiles - entity7 Relations
protected Areas - entity1 Relations
publishers - entity1 Relations
ships career - entity4 Relations
ships classes - entity1 Relations
teams Seasson - entity17 Relations
treaties - entity22 Relations
weapons - entity14 Relations
people - nationality4,143 Relations
people - country of birth4,687 Relations
people - country of death1,448 Relations